There are many things about the history of which we rarely think. However, in the process of their development there were unpredictable, absurd and funny facts. Email is one such invention. Few people know when the first email was sent, why we separate the domains with the “@” syntax and which letters the Queen of Britain sends. Therefore, we invite you to the time machine on key and interesting points in the development of email.First email
Table of content:
- 1. First email
- 2. The Queen and Email
- 3. Email or e-mail?
- 4. Email address before “@”
- 5. The new value of @ in the digital world
- 6. The meaning of the @ sign
- 7. The first email from space
- 8. The first free email service
- 9. The most common password
- 10. Email changes Morse code
- 11. The size of the mailbox is smaller than your favorite song
- 12. The Gmail Revolution
- 13. Emote in an Email
- 14. First opportunities to forward the letter
- 15. More than text
- 16. Popularization of email
- 17. Becoming mobile for ordinary users
- 18. Letters to a beloved hero
- 19. The White House and email
- 20. ILOVEYOU – a virus that fell into the Guinness Book of Records
1. First email
The father of the first personalized email was American programmer Raymond Raymond Samuel Tomlinson. At the end of 1971, he sent an email to a nearby computer. It was probably something: “QWERTYUIOP,” as Tomlinson himself later said, because he had forgotten the exact text.
2. The Queen and Email
On March 26, 1976, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain sent her first email while visiting the Royal Radio Signal and Radar Institution in Malvern. For Her Majesty, a personal account was created – HME2. They say that the queen has always been friend with the digital world and used email for public and personal purposes. She always wrote to her grandchildren during their studies, and in 2009 the queen sent a letter to 23 young blogger living in the former territories of the British Empire, with the theme “Message from Her Majesty the Queen” and the signature “Elizabeth R.”
3. Email or e-mail?
No matter how you answer this question, you will still be right. Tomlinson, the inventor of modern email, was leaning toward a hyphen. In one interview, he laughed at this subject: “I’m just trying to maintain a global supply of hyphens. Plus, the term has been used long enough to drop a hyphen. However, it seems to be a losing battle. ” And query statistics on Google confirms this.
4. Email address before “@”
The first email was sent through a structure similar to FTP (File Transport Protocol), so the email address of the time might look like this: utzoo! Decvax! Harpo! Eagle!. Every “!” restricts the computer to an address, and the user acts as a human router by sending a message.
5. The new value of @ in the digital world
The syntax “@” was also used by Raymond Tomlinson to understand which host the mail was sent from. The “@” sign was borrowed from payment documents, where it was an analogue of the English preposition “at”. “Doggie” made it possible for letters to enter the inbox of the addressee, and the addresses themselves began to look like this: patrik@computer1.
6. The meaning of the @ sign
We know the “@” sign as a dog, but what is it called in other countries of the world? The most popular names: snail (Italy, Ukraine, Belarus), dog (Ukraine, Tatarstan), monkey (Germany, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, etc.). But the following names may seem to us somewhat unusual:
- the ear of the moon – Kazakhstan;
- cat tail – Finland;
- worm, tick, caterpillar, pig tail – Hungary;
- herring under the marinade (rolmops) – Czech Republic, Slovakia;
- strudel – Israel;
- “a” with a trunk or an elephant trunk – in the Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Sweden.
- Kanelballle (swirling cinnamon roll) – Norway.
7. The first email from space
The first letter from outer space came on August 28, 1991. It was sent from a Mac laptop. Astronauts Shannon Lucid and James S. Adamson sent a message to their colleague Marcia Ivins, a shuttle communicator at the Johnson Space Center. Here is its exact content:
“Hello Earth! Greetings from the STS-43 Crew. This is the first AppleLink from space. Having a GREAT time, wish you were here,…send cryo and RCS! Hasta la vista, baby,…we’ll be back!”
8. The first free email service
The first free email service appeared in 1996. It became Hotmail.com, but now we know it more as Outlook.com, after joining the company to Microsoft.
9. The most common password
The most popular password for email protection: “123456”. This fact appeared in 2009, when more than 10,000 Hotmail passwords were leaked.
10. Email changes Morse code
In 2004, the symbol “@” was added to Morse code to transfer email addresses. To indicate it in the signal, you need to transmit: · – · – · This is the only official change in Morse code since the First World War.
11. The size of the mailbox is smaller than your favorite song
In the late 90’s, Hotmail and Yahoo accounts was only 4 MB. This is even smaller than the size of one mp3 song.
12. The Gmail Revolution
It is not surprising that the launch of Gmail on April 1, 2004, with 1GB of free disk space, was taken as a joke.
13. Emote in an Email
Kevin Mackenzie sent the first emote in an email on April 12, 1979. His smiley was a symbol -) and meant the tongue to the cheek. Mackenzie also contacted the Message Services Group with a proposal to add emotion communication to a dry electronic language.
14. First opportunities to forward the letter
The first standard for e-mail was proposed in 1973. In 1977, it was finalized at Arpanet. There appeared fields “round trip”, as well as the ability to send emails to persons who were not originally recipients. As we know, the capabilities of mailers are now much wider. Only for mailing on Gmail there are so many different features.
15. More than text
An attachment was born in 1992 when the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (Mime) protocol was released. So that’s when painful attempt started. They had to delete letters in order to free up space after someone sent you a massive attachment in the days of limited space of incoming messages.
16. Popularization of email
Email was enshrined in the public mind thanks to the sound “you have mail” that accompanied new messages in the AOL domain. It was he who became the cornerstone of a romantic comedy with Tom Hanks and Meg Ryan in 1998: “You Got Mail”.
17. Becoming mobile for ordinary users
Apple’s first iPhone, which gave the opportunity to use mobile e-mail, was released in 2007.
18. Letters to a beloved hero
In one of the Simpsons series, Homer revealed his email address: email@example.com. Matt Selman, one of the authors of the series, first answered the incoming mail, but soon it became an impossible task, hundreds of emails arrived every day. This was used by hackers who broke into a mailbox and began to send malicious content to active addresses.
19. The White House and email
For 8 years as President, Bill Clinton sent only 2 emails, one of them was a test. Unlike his predecessor, Barack Obama actively used mailing lists and earned with their help 690 million dollars for his presidential campaign. Everyone could donate $ 3 to the future President, and win a dinner with him. The Obama team took the email campaign more than seriously. They conducted many tests on the effectiveness of the subject of the letter, its content and landing pages.
20. ILOVEYOU – a virus that fell into the Guinness Book of Records
From May 1 to May 5, 2000, the mail worm, according to some estimates, caused damage of 1.54 billion US dollars and infected 3.1 million computers worldwide. At the same time, he mutated three times in 4 days. After opening malicious email, the virus sent itself to all available contacts of the MS Outlook mailbox. He got into the Guinness Book of Records because of the enormous amount of damage to the world economy.